The Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7)
Jesus, the disciples, the people (a divine staging)
Before, on the lake-stage of Galilee, Jesus had yet preached (Matth. 4, 17):
“Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”
“How, where, what? Where, kingdom of heaven?”, some people may have thought when they heard Jesus preaching sitting in the rowing-boat of the fishermen. But the one preaching about the kingdom of heaven he himself represented it. The ordinary man Jesus from Nazareth was Christ, the Son of God. The heavenly king visits his people in the form of an ordinary man, and must be realized as Christ by faith. His words and works; that means his powerful words and divine works testify that he is the Son of God. Therefore, the disciples didn’t doubt that Jesus was the Christ and followed him.
Maybe the people wanted to enthrone Jesus when they saw which miracles he performed, but Jesus doesn’t want to be an earthly king because he is the king of an invisible kingdom (by the way, when Jesus would reveal himself in visible glory, that would mean Judgement Day). Of course, Jesus is a king, but at first he wanted his royal rule to be hidden because at first he didn’t want to judge but to save people.
Jesus feels himself forced to leave the midst of the people.
Jesus stages a divine opera on a natural stage for the audience of people. Jesus, the main “actor”, comes on stage and after him the disciples.
What shall be acted?
The people see Jesus coming out of the multitude going upon the mountain. By an invisible force the disciples are attracted to their master. They join him and stay with him. Human beings in communion with Christ, the objective of mankind and her history.
The choreography is pefect: Jesus and his disciples like a city on the mount which cannot be hidden: the City of God (Civitas Dei).
Jesus beatifies his disciples:
Jesus bows down to the poor little sinners (the disciples considered themselves as poor sinners) and dresses them with clothes of honour of divine words: The Beatitudes. The poorest people on earth – God himself dresses them with clothes of salvation. The breath of the watching people is taken away, and they stand there with open mouth, and the jaw dropped down.
The disciples had “left” the world which is locked up in primitive categories and followed Jesus. By accompanying Jesus they expressed: this middle-class world is somehow backward, and we want to live in the categories of a new world together with Jesus. Compared with Jesus, all shine (selfrighteousness, honour, power, beauty, etc.) and wealth of this world seemed to be junk for them.
Blessed are the poor in spirit. The disciples had to start again from the beginning in the communion of Jesus. A carpenter apprentice compared with his master carpenter is poor concerning the know-how of making roofs, for example. The disciples were poor, compared with Jesus, concerning the know-how of pastoral care. They just came out of this bad world of the selfrighteous egoists estimating the worth of human beings according to their practical usefulness.
The disiples are ready to go to Jesus shool. They admit that the world had almost assimilated them, and with joy they shift under the care of Jesus. Jesus fills up the poverty of his beloved apprentices by giving them the kingdom of heaven (note: he himself represents the kingdom of heaven); that means they are allowed to be in Gods presence for ever and ever. The poorest people on earth – God invites them to sit at a table together with him.
Blessed are they that mourn. The longer they follow Jesus, the more the disciples will see the world with Gods eyes. The Judgement Day approaches, and only a few people prepare themselfs for this day. To the contrary, the people defraud themselfs and fix their gaze on the visible things. The disciples love their fellow human beings and want to wake up them from their deadly sleep. Although the disciples just want to help the world, the world perceives them as trouble-makers. The world wants to continue to dream for ever and doesn’t want to be woken up. The disciples are not allowed and also don’t want to use violence to bring someone to heaven. They just can preach the gospel and then commend the people to God. The mouth of the hell is open very wide, and the disciples helplessly watch people entering it and getting consumed by the hell.
Is there a bigger pain, is their a bigger sorrow than to see things like that? The disciples find no comfort on earth, but in God’s presence they shall be comforted now and for ever. The disciples don’t feel happyness in this world but they mourn. Because of that, they are called enemies of mankind. The sorrow without measure would have to consume the disciples, but God himself wants to be their comfort. God himself will wipe away their tears. The followers rejected and chessed away by the world find God welcoming them with open arms. Fear, pain, sorrow will be consumed by the deep love of Jesus Christ in Gods City, yet visible on the mountain slope.
Blessed are the meek. Jesus said, “they own the kingom of heaven and they shall be comforted”. Not now, but in the future the disciples will own the kingdom of earth. “They WILL own the earth”. It is important to notice that Jesus said: “in the FUTURE they will own the earth but not now“. The life of Jesus was according to his words: Jesus allows the religious leaders of Israel to hunt him from one place to another. When he is persecuted at one place, he gives way and goes to the next place. Jesus doesn’t resist by violence. He preaches the gospel and heals the sick people – that’s all. Jesus speaks plainly and clearly, but he doesn’t use violence. This is simply Gods nature: he prefers to be struck instead to strike. The citizens of this world don’t hate anything more than meekness. The citizens of this world put through their rights by every means. Although Jesus was the lawful king of Israel and could have ruled by violence, he behaved meekly: He doesn’t use violence; he gives way when he is persecuted; tolerates to be accused as a possessed one, tolerates to be chased away out of synagogues, tolerates to be robed (by Jude), tolerates to be called a gluttonous and winebibber and finally tolerates to be struck, to be spat upon, to be mocked and to be crucified.
Starting from Golgatha where the most meek one died the earth will be renewed.
People living in the meekness of Jesus will own the kingdom of earth in the remote future. The people who had nearly no space on earth will own the earth in the future. With his powerful words Jesus comforts the disciples and gives them hope in a world where they can see no future for themselves. The congregation of the people having silently tolerated to loose all – King God will give them the whole earth! A mountain had become a cathedral; later, a cathedral, the whole earth will be made.
To be continued.